Research Report ChecklistWhen you write your research report, tick each box as you go. That way, you can be sure that you don't lose marks because you have forgotten something or have put it in the wrong place.
IntroductionThe point of the introduction is to justify your hypotheses, so you need to talk about previous work on the topic and give a rationale for your own experiment: why are you doing it? Are you trying to support someone else's work, modify it, or reject it, or are you trying to decide which of two theories is more likely?
Review of background theories
MethodThis is a description of what you did to test your hypotheses, succinctly but in enough detail to allow another researcher to replicate it. It should also justify all the design decisions you made (why repeated measures rather than independent groups, for example?).
ResultsDescriptive statistics (central tendency, dispersion, tables, graphs)
Inferential statistics (test used (why), value obtained, df, critical value, tails, significance level)
State whether H1 or H0 is supported
DiscussionRestate your findings briefly in words
Relate your findings to theories in introduction (support/modify/refute/one theory supported over another)
If your results refute current theories, give possible theoretical explanation(s) and how you might go about testing it/them
Suggest improvements to your experiment
Suggest further research
Discuss any practical implications of your findings
Brief summing up
ReferencesList of all studies referred to (not textbooks used)
Following format used:
Mingay, D (1998) Students in action: A contradiction in terms. British Journal of Psychology, 41, 85-90.
Mingay, D (1999) Students' Inaction: A More Likely Phenomenon. London, Trouser Press.
AppendicesAll your raw data, calculations, samples of materials used etc. go here, not in the main report.
Labelled clearly and numbered consistently
with numbers in main report
AbstractWritten last but placed before introduction.
TitleGoes at very start of report.
Fewer than 12 words